La interfaz Collection

noviembre 9, 2013
1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (Sin votos)
Cargando…

La interfaz Collection es la base sobre la cual se construye el framework de colecciones. Declara los métodos básicos que todas las colecciones tendrán. Estos métodos se resumen en la tabla siguiente.

Debido a que todas las colecciones implementan Collection, es necesario familiarizarnos con sus métodos para una comprensión clara del framework. Algunos de estos métodos pueden lanzar una excepción del tipo UnsupportedOperationException.

boolean add(Object obj)
Adds obj to the invoking collection. Returns true if obj was added to the collection. Returns false if obj is already a member of the collection, or if the collection does not allow duplicates.
boolean addAll(Collection c)
Adds all the elements of c to the invoking collection. Returns true if the operation succeeded (i.e., the elements were added). Otherwise, returns false.
void clear( )
Removes all elements from the invoking collection.
boolean contains(Object obj)
Returns true if obj is an element of the invoking collection. Otherwise, returns false.
boolean containsAll(Collection c)
Returns true if the invoking collection contains all elements of c. Otherwise, returns false.
boolean equals(Object obj)
Returns true if the invoking collection and obj are equal. Otherwise, returns false.
int hashCode( )
Returns the hash code for the invoking collection.
boolean isEmpty( )
Returns true if the invoking collection is empty. Otherwise, returns false.
Iterator iterator( )
Returns an iterator for the invoking collection.
boolean remove(Object obj)
Removes one instance of obj from the invoking collection. Returns true if the element was removed. Otherwise, returns false.
boolean removeAll(Collection c)
Removes all elements of c from the invoking collection. Returns true if the collection changed (i.e., elements were removed). Otherwise, returns false.
boolean retainAll(Collection c)
Removes all elements from the invoking collection except those in c. Returns true if the collection changed (i.e., elements were removed). Otherwise, returns false
int size( )
Returns the number of elements held in the invoking collection.
Object[ ] toArray( )
Returns an array that contains all the elements stored in the invoking collection. The array elements are copies of the collection elements.
Object[ ] toArray(Object array[ ])
Returns an array containing only those collection elements whose type matches that of array.

Example:

Following is the example to explain few methods from various class implementations of the above collection methods:

import java.util.*;
 
public class CollectionsDemo {
 
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      List a1 = new ArrayList();
      a1.add("Zara");
      a1.add("Mahnaz");
      a1.add("Ayan");
      System.out.println(" ArrayList Elements");
      System.out.print("\t" + a1);
 
      List l1 = new LinkedList();
      l1.add("Zara");
      l1.add("Mahnaz");
      l1.add("Ayan");
      System.out.println();
      System.out.println(" LinkedList Elements");
      System.out.print("\t" + l1);
 
      Set s1 = new HashSet(); 
      s1.add("Zara");
      s1.add("Mahnaz");
      s1.add("Ayan");
      System.out.println();
      System.out.println(" Set Elements");
      System.out.print("\t" + s1);
 
      Map m1 = new HashMap(); 
      m1.put("Zara", "8");
      m1.put("Mahnaz", "31");
      m1.put("Ayan", "12");
      m1.put("Daisy", "14");
      System.out.println();
      System.out.println(" Map Elements");
      System.out.print("\t" + m1);
   }
}

This would produce the following result:

ArrayList Elements
[Zara, Mahnaz, Ayan]
LinkedList Elements
[Zara, Mahnaz, Ayan]
Set Elements
[Zara, Mahnaz, Ayan]
Map Elements
{Mahnaz=31, Ayan=12, Daisy=14, Zara=8}

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *